TESTEVERYTHING

Saturday, 15 October 2011

Basic UNIX Commands

Directory
::
Show current directory
pwd
Show content of directory
ls -al
Changing directory
cd <newdir>
Creating directory
mkdir <dir>
Deleting directory if empty
rmdir <dir>
Deleting directory if full
rm -r <dir>
Moving directory
mv <olddir> <newdir>
Copy directory
cp -r <olddir> <newdir>
Files
::
Show file entry
ls -al <file>
Delete file
rm -i <file>
Move file
mv <file> <path>
Copy file
cp <file> <newfile>
Rename file
mv <oldfile> <newfile>
Show file content at once
cat <file>
Show file content page wise
more <file>
Show file with long lines
cat <file> | fold
Show first 20 lines of file
head -20 <file>
Show last 20 lines of file
tail -20 <file>
Edit file
<editorname> <file>
Edit file with vi
vi <file>
Give all file permissions to yourself
chmod 700 <file>
The above even into subdirectories
chmod -R 700 <dir>
Open file for reading and executing for all
chmod 644 <file>
Starting file as program
<filneame> <arguments>
Find word in file
grep <word> <file>
Find all files which contain a word
grep -l <word> *
Find abstract pattern: ab 2 digits cd
grep 'ab[0-9][0-9]cd' <file>
Comparing two files
diff <file1> <file2>
Updating the date of a file
touch <file>
Giving a specific date to a file
touch 0101010199 <file>
Help
::
Getting help about a command
man <command>
Find command related to a term
man -k <term>
Where is a particular program if it is in the path
which <commandname>
Is a <name> a unix command or an alias in ksh
whence <commandname>
Aliases
::
Making an alias in csh/tcsh
alias <aliasname> '<long_command>'
Making an alias where the arguments go in the middle
alias <aliasneme> '<command> \!* <other>'
Making an alias in sh/bash/ksh
alias <aliasname>='<long_command>'
Using an alias
<aliasname> <arguments>
Use command instead of it's alias
\<command>
Showing all aliases
alias
Remove an alias
unalias <aliasname>
Adjustments
::
See environment variables
env
Setting the term variable if vi doesn't work
setenv term vt100
Opening the X-server for X-clients
xhost +
Setting the display for X-clients
setenv display <computer>:0.0
Internet
::
Telnet to another computer
telnet <computername>
Rlogin to another computer
rlogin -l <username_there> <computername>
Browsing the net with netscape
netscape
Check whether someone is logged in somwhere
finger user@host.domain
Check for all people on another computer
finger @host.domain
Talk to another person on another computer
talk user@host.domain
Ftp building up connection
ftp <computername>
Ftp adjusting for binary transfer
>bin
Ftp showing directory
>dir
Ftp changing directory
>cd /<path>/<path>
Ftp getting a file
>get <file>
Ftp getting multiple files
>mget <filenamecommon>*
Ftp searching for a file
>quote site find <filename>
Get the ip number of a computer
nslookup <computername>
Check whether another computer is up
ping <computername>
Check the pathway to another computer
traceroute <computername>
Info about Unix System
::
See who is logged on
who ... w ... what
Get the date
date
See who logged in lately
last -20
See what operating system is there
uname -a
See who you are
whoami
Get the name of your computer
hostname
See the disk space used
df -k
See you quota usage
quota -v
See how much space all your files need
du -k
Mail
::
Check for mail
from
Read mail
Mail
Compose mail
Mail -s <subject> <mailaddress>
Mail a whole file ( one "<" is real )
Mail -s <subject> <mailaddr> < <file>
Compressing Files
::
Compress 50%
compress <file>
Uncomress the above file.Z
uncompress <file>.Z
Compress 70%
gzip <file>
Uncompress the above file.gz
gzip -d <file>.gz

1 comment:

QPT said...

Thanks for sharing.

It's very useful for all.

QTPbook

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